Male victims of domestic abuse are reluctant to report attacks because they are often subjected to false accusations themselves, according to new research.
More than 700,000 men each year are thought to fall victim to violent attacks at the hands of their partners, but many are too ashamed to report the offences.
It was thought much of the underreporting was due to men feeling embarrassed by the stigma of being a domestic violence victim.
But new research has suggested that many of those who do come forward risk being arrested themselves, after their abusers make false accusations against them.
Dr Jessica McCarrick, a Senior Lecturer in Counselling Psychology at Teesside University, who carried out a study with male abuse victims, said they were often treated with suspicion by the criminal justice system.