REFERENCES FOR THE LATEST DATA FROM THE ABS & AIC

REFERENCES

Four data sources were used for our Infographic. They reference the same data sources used to produce the ANROWS fact sheet about violence against women, but have been updated to show the most recent data available.

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017). Personal Safety Survey, Australia, 2016 (Cat. No. 4906.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  2. Bryant W & Bricknell S (2017). Homicide in Australia 2012-13 to 2013-14: National Homicide Monitoring Program report. Statistical report 02. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006). Personal Safety, Australia, 2005 (Reissue) (Cat. No. 4906.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  4. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011). Customised Report. Data for: Greg Andresen. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.

REFERENCED STATISTICS

75 males were killed in domestic homicide incidents between 2012-2014. This equates to one death every 10 days. Source: Bryant W & Bricknell S (2017), page 20.

The proportion of men experiencing current partner violence in the last 12 months between the 2005 and 2016 ABS Personal Safety Surveys rose more than five-fold (a 552% increase), while the proportion of men experiencing emotional abuse from a current partner in the last 12 months more than doubled (a 223% increase). Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006), Table 1 EXPERIENCE OF HARASSMENT, STALKING OR VIOLENCE, During the last 12 months. 0.1% of males in 2005 experienced violence by a current partner during the last 12 months. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 2.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent - Changes over time, Proportion of persons. 0.4% of males in 2012 experienced violence by a current partner during the last 12 months, while 0.6% of males in 2016 experienced violence by a current partner during the last 12 months. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 2.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent - Changes over time, Proportion of persons. 1.3% of males in 2005, 1.5% of males in 2012 , and 2.9% of males in 2016 experienced emotional abuse by a current partner during the last 12 months. The difference in the prevalence rate between 2016 and 2012 is statistically significant.

The majority of men that experienced intimate partner violence experienced it by a female perpetrator (93.6%). The remainder were in same-sex relationships with male perpetrators1. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 5.1 VIOLENCE IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of violence by relationship to and sex of perpetrator, Estimate. 106,600 males in 2016 experienced violence from a female intimate partner during the last 12 months and 113,900 males experienced violence from all intimate partners during the last 12 months.

DURING THE PERIOD 2012-2014:

More than 1 in 3 victims of domestic homicide were male (35.2%). Source: Bryant W & Bricknell S (2017), page 20. There were 75 male and 138 female victims.

More than 1 in 5 victims of intimate partner homicide were male (21.4%). Source: Bryant W & Bricknell S (2017), page 17. There were 27 male and 99 female victims.

DURING THE LAST 12 MONTHS:

Over 1 in 3 persons who experienced violence from an intimate partner were male (35.3%). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 113,900 males in 2016 experienced violence from an intimate partner in the last 12 months and 323,100 persons experienced violence from an intimate partner in the last 12 months.

Almost 1 in 3 persons who experienced violence from a cohabiting partner were male (32.7%). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 75,500 males in 2016 experienced violence from a cohabiting partner in the last 12 months and 230,900 persons experienced violence from a cohabiting partner in the last 12 months.

Almost 2 in 5 persons who experienced violence from a current partner were male (39.9%2). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 56,000* males (between 41,720 and 70,280) in 2016 experienced violence from a current partner in the last 12 months and 140,200 persons experienced violence from a current partner in the last 12 months.

Over 1 in 3 persons who experienced violence from a boyfriend/girlfriend or date were male (34.3%3). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 27,8003 males (between 16,652 and 38,948) in 2016 experienced violence from a boyfriend/girlfriend or date in the last 12 months and 81,000 persons experienced violence from a boyfriend/girlfriend or date in the last 12 months.

Almost 1 in 5 persons who experienced violence from a previous partner were male (18.8%4). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 16,4004 males (between 12,021 and 20,779) in 2016 experienced violence from a previous partner in the last 12 months and 87,300 persons experienced violence from a previous partner in the last 12 months.

Almost half the persons who experienced violence from a known person were male (45.5%). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 5.1 VIOLENCE IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of violence by relationship to and sex of perpetrator, Estimate. 312,100 males in 2016 experienced violence from a known person in the last 12 months and 686,000 persons experienced violence from a known person in the last 12 months.

Almost 1 in 2 persons who experienced emotional abuse by a partner were male (45.8%) (47.7% of persons who experienced it by a current partner and 43.4% by a previous partner). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 381,200 males in 2016 experienced emotional abuse by a partner in the last 12 months and 832,700 persons experienced emotional abuse by a partner in the last 12 months. 265,800 males in 2016 experienced emotional abuse by a current partner in the last 12 months and 556,700 persons experienced emotional abuse by a current partner in the last 12 months. 125,400 males in 2016 experienced emotional abuse by a previous partner in the last 12 months and 289,00 persons experienced emotional abuse by a previous partner in the last 12 months.

Almost half of these males experienced anxiety or fear due to the emotional abuse (41.4% of males who experienced current partner abuse and 43.1% of males who experienced previous partner abuse). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 29.1 EXPERIENCED ANXIETY OR FEAR DUE TO EMOTIONAL ABUSE, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 196,300 males in 2016 experienced anxiety or fear due to emotional abuse by a current partner in the last 12 months and 473,600 males experienced emotional abuse by a current partner in the last 12 months. 452,200 males in 2016 experienced anxiety or fear due to emotional abuse by a previous partner in the last 12 months and 1,048,000 males experienced emotional abuse by a previous partner in the last 12 months.

13.8% of men that experienced emotional abuse by a current partner had their partner deprive them of basic needs such as food, shelter, sleep, or assistive aids, compared to 6.4% of women. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 28.1 TYPES OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE BEHAVOURS EXPERIENCED BY PARTNER, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 65,5005 males (between 47,946 and 83,054) in 2016 had a current partner who deprived them of basic needs such as food, shelter, sleep or assistive aids out of a total population of 473,600 males who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner. 36,800 females in 2016 had a current partner who deprived them of basic needs such as food, shelter, sleep or assistive aids out of a total population of 575,400 females who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner.

8.9% of men that experienced emotional abuse by a current partner had their partner threaten to take their child/ren away from them, compared to 4.6% of women. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 28.1 TYPES OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE BEHAVOURS EXPERIENCED BY PARTNER, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 42,0006 males (between 27,594 and 56,406) in 2016 had a current partner who deprived them of basic needs such as food, shelter, sleep or assistive aids out of a total population of 473,600 males who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner. 26,400 females in 2016 had a current partner who deprived them of basic needs such as food, shelter, sleep or assistive aids out of a total population of 575,400 females who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner.

38.5% of men that experienced emotional abuse by a previous partner had their partner lie to their child/ren with the intent of turning them against them, compared to 25.1% of women. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 28.1 TYPES OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE BEHAVOURS EXPERIENCED BY PARTNER, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 403,100 males in 2016 had a previous partner who lied to their child/ren with the intent of turning them against them out of a total population of 1,048,000 males who experienced emotional abuse from a previous partner. 425,000 females in 2016 had a previous partner lied to their child/ren with the intent of turning them against them out of a total population of 1,690,300 females who experienced emotional abuse from a previous partner.

7.3% of men that experienced emotional abuse by a current partner had their partner lie to other family members of friends with the intent of turning them against them, compared to 6.6% of women. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 28.1 TYPES OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE BEHAVOURS EXPERIENCED BY PARTNER, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 34,8007 males (between 22,272 and 47,328) in 2016 had a current partner who lied to other family members or friends with the intent of turning them against them out of a total population of 473,600 males who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner. 38,100 females in 2016 had a current partner who lied to other family members or friends with the intent of turning them against them out of a total population of 575,400 females who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner.

10.1% of men that experienced current partner emotional abuse had their current partner keep track of where they were and who they were with, compared to 9.9% of women. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 28.1 TYPES OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE BEHAVOURS EXPERIENCED BY PARTNER, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. 47,9008 males (between 33,865 and 61,935) in 2016 had a current partner who kept track of where they were and who they were with (e.g. constant phone calls, GPS tracking, monitoring through social media) out of a total population of 473,600 males who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner. 56,700 females in 2016 had a current partner who kept track of where they were and who they were with (e.g. constant phone calls, GPS tracking, monitoring through social media) out of a total population of 575,400 females who experienced emotional abuse from a current partner.

Over 1 in 3 persons who experienced sexual harassment were male (34.0%). Most males who experienced sexual harassment were harassed by a female perpetrator (72.2% were harassed by a female while 48.2% were harassed by a male9). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 836,700 males in 2016 experienced sexual harassment in the last 12 months and 2,463,900 persons experienced sexual harassment in the last 12 months. 603,700 males in 2016 experienced sexual harassment by a female in the last 12 months and 403,000 males experienced sexual harassment by a male in the last 12 months.

The largest category of increase in sexual harassment between 2012 and 2016 was in males harassed by a female perpetrator, which rose by a massive 67.5%. Females harassed by a male perpetrator rose by 15% during the same period. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 2.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent - Changes over time, Proportion of persons. In 2012, 4.0% of males were sexually harassed by a female perpetrator, while in 2016, 6.7% of males were. In 2012, 14.0% of females were sexually harassed by a male perpetrator, while in 2016, 16.1% of females were.

Over 1 in 3 persons who experienced stalking were male (35.0%). Most males who experienced stalking were stalked by a male perpetrator (68.9% were stalked by a male while 36.3% were stalked by a female10). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. 153,600 males in 2016 experienced stalking in the last 12 months and 439,300 persons experienced stalking in the last 12 months. 105,900 males in 2016 experienced stalking by a male in the last 12 months and 55,800 males experienced stalking by a female in the last 12 months.

Almost 1 in 3 persons who experienced sexual assault were male (28.4%). Most males who experienced sexual violence were assaulted or threatened by a female perpetrator (82.9%). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 5.1 VIOLENCE IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of violence by relationship to and sex of perpetrator, Estimate. 57,200 males in 2016 experienced sexual assault in the last 12 months and 201,300 persons experienced sexual assault in the last 12 months. 52,000 males experienced sexual violence by a female in the last 12 months, and 62,70011 males experienced sexual violence in the last 12 months.

6 per cent of all males experienced violence compared to 4.7% of all females. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS, Type of experience by sex of respondent, Estimate. In 2016, 543,900 males experienced violence out of a total population of 9,027,600 while 444,700 females experienced violence out of a total population of 9,373,500.

MEN WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED PARTNER VIOLENCE ARE:

2 to 3 times more likely than women to have never told anybody about experiencing current and/or previous partner violence. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013), Table 23 EXPERIENCE OF PARTNER VIOLENCE(a) SINCE THE AGE OF 15, Whether ever told anyone about partner violence. 54.1% of males and 25.6% of females have never told anyone about violence by their current partner since the age of 15. 20.9% of males and 6.7% of females have never told anyone about violence by their previous partner since the age of 15.

Around 50% more likely than women to have never sought advice or support about experiencing current and/or previous partner violence. Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 17.1 EXPERIENCE OF CURRENT PARTNER(a) VIOLENCE SINCE AGE 15, By sex of respondent, Estimate. 102,400 males in 2016 did not seek advice or support after incident of violence by a current partner, while 150,300 males had experienced violence by a current partner since the age of 15. 126,900 females in 2016 did not seek advice or support after incident of violence by a current partner, while 275,000 females had experienced violence by a current partner since the age of 15. Table 18.1 EXPERIENCE OF PREVIOUS PARTNER(a) VIOLENCE SINCE AGE 15, By sex of respondent, Estimate. 235,300 males in 2016 did not seek advice or support after incident of violence by a previous partner, while 397,300 males had experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15. 506,800 females in 2016 did not seek advice or support after incident of violence by a previous partner, while 1,372,900 females had experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15.

Almost 20% more likely than women to have not contacted police about experiencing current and/or previous partner violence. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 19.1 POLICE INVOLVEMENT AFTER PARTNER VIOLENCE, By sex of respondent and partner type, Estimate. For 146,100 males in 2016, police were not contacted about violence by a current partner, while 150,300 males had experienced violence by a current partner since the age of 15. For 225,700 females in 2016 police were not contacted about violence by a current partner, while 275,000 females had experienced violence by a current partner since the age of 15. For 299,900 males in 2016, police were not contacted about violence by a previous partner, while 397,300 males had experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15. For 888,100 females in 2016 police were not contacted about violence by a previous partner, while 1,372,900 females had experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15.

Less than half as likely as women to have had a restraining order issued against the perpetrator of previous partner violence. Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 26.1 MALE EXPERIENCE OF PREVIOUS PARTNER(a) VIOLENCE AFTER RESTRAINING ORDER ISSUED, Estimate. 41,10012 males in 2016 had a restraining order issued against a previous partner since the age of 15, while 397,300 males experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15. Table 25.1 FEMALE EXPERIENCE OF PARTNER VIOLENCE AFTER RESTRAINING ORDER ISSUED, By partner type, Estimate. 329,500 females in 2016 had a restraining order issued against a previous partner since the age of 15, while 1,372,900 females experienced violence by a previous partner since the age of 15.

BEFORE THE AGE OF 15:

2 in 5 persons who experienced physical and/or sexual abuse were male (40.1%). Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 31.1 EXPERIENCE OF ABUSE BEFORE THE AGE OF 15, Characteristics of abuse by sex of respondent, Estimate. 991,600 males experienced physical and/or sexual abuse before the age of 15, while 2,471,600 persons experienced physical and/or sexual abuse before the age of 15.

Around 1 in 20 persons (4.5%) witnessed violence towards their father by a partner and more than 1 in 10 persons (11.3%) witnessed violence towards their mother by a partner. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 30.1 EXPERIENCE OF ABUSE AND WITNESSING VIOLENCE BEFORE THE AGE OF 15, Whether experienced partner violence since the age of 15 by sex of respondent, Estimate. 819,800 persons in 2016 had witnessed violence towards their father by a partner before age 15, while 2,073,000 persons had witnessed violence towards their mother by a partner before age 15, out of a total population of 18,402,400 persons.

While a greater percentage of males experienced violence from an intimate partner or family member of the same sex than did females, the majority of males experienced family violence perpetrated by a female. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Table 3.1 VIOLENCE SINCE THE AGE OF 15, Type of violence by relationship to and sex of perpetrator, Estimate. 372,800 males in 2016 had experienced violence from a female previous partner, 258,000 males had experienced violence from their father, 164,900 males had experienced violence from their female current partner, 151,700 males had experienced violence from their girlfriend or female date, 145,600 males had experienced violence from another relative or in-law (male), 94,400 males had experienced violence from their brother, 76,800 males had experienced violence from their mother, 60,500 males had experienced violence from their male intimate partner, and 37,200 males had experienced violence from another relative or in-law (female) since the age of 15.

1. Some men may have experienced violence by both a male and female intimate partner.

2. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 25.5% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS (34.8% of persons since the age of 15 were male with no RSE warning).

3. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 40.1% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS (20.0% of persons since the age of 15 were male with no RSE warning).

4. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 26.7% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS (22.5% of persons since the age of 15 were male with no RSE warning).

5. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 26.8% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS.

6. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 34.3% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS.

7. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 36.0% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS.

8. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 29.3% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS.

9. Proportions don't add up to 100% because some respondents may have been sexually harassed by both a male and a female perpetrator.

10. Proportions don't add up to 100% because some respondents may have been stalked by both a male and a female perpetrator.

11. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 25.0% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS (55.2% of males experienced sexual violence from a female since the age of 15 with no RSE warning

12. Estimate has a Relative Standard Error (RSE) of 25.2% and should be used with caution due to the relatively small number of males surveyed by the ABS